Posts Tagged ‘python’

Portable Meld on Windows

February 12, 2011

Often I need to compare and merge files or folders together for changes between them. Gladly, many applications exist for such a task. This can come as using the diff command line tool, sadly it is not visually pleasant. Therefore several visual interfaces to ease the comparison side by side. Examples of such are:

A detailed comparison between the them and others can be found here. My personal favorite of these is meld (specially for folder comparison). On a Linux system, it is quite easy to set up, specially if it is deb bases because there is a package for it. A problem shows up when wanting to use meld in Windows. After some googling I found this guide showing how to install it for windows. Using this guide, I managed to get it to work, but I prefer a portable installation to take it anywhere.

Following are the steps I followed to get a portable version of meld up and running. Take care that performing the steps need administrative rights, but it can run anywhere.

  1. Create a directory to contain meld binaries and its dependencies. Let us reference to it as <meld install dir>
  2. Download portable python 2.6, and install it under <meld install dir>\Python26
  3. Add the portable python installation to the registry. This is done by opening the portable python interpretor an running the script from here
  4. Download the GKT+ 2.2 run time all in one bundle from here. Extract it to <meld install dir>\gtk+
  5. Download an install the latest PyGTK libraries. These are the PyGTKPyCairo, and PyGObject modules. This will install to the correct python based on the registry entry from step 3.
  6. Download meld 1.5 from here. Extract it to <meld install dir>\meld-src
  7. Create a file “<meld install dir>\start-meld.bat”. The content of this file is:
    @echo off
    set PATH=%CD%\Python26\App;%CD%\gtk+\bin
    python meld-src\bin\meld

And that is it, run start-meld.bat and enjoy 🙂


Layar POI service using Google App Engine

April 4, 2010

Layar is a cool handheld augmented reality application that allows to overlay “Layers” on the image seen by a handheld device’s camera. One can think of these layers as content that is seen based on your current location. This allows to overlay digital data over actual live imagery.

The Layar API depends that the source of data (Points Of Interest) is a RESTful web service, that sends an HTTP GET request, and expects back  a JSON object. The details of the GET parameters, and the required JSON object could be found here in the layar API documentation.

To create a layer, one needs to provide such a service that provides the Points Of Interest (POI). Such a service could easily be written and provided by google app engine. This article will discuss how to do so using the google app engine python SDK, and is highly depends on the getting started guide for google app engine through python. Sections 1-4,6 are sufficient for understanding of the coming content.

Handling Requests

Since requests from layar to the POI web service come in the form of GET requests, the parameters can simply be accessed in the request handling method through:


POI Response

The POI response that layar expects is a json object. The API place many restrictions on the response. The first comes in the content type of the HTTP response. Thus, it has to be set as follows:

self.response.headers['Content-type'] = 'text/javascript; charset=utf-8'

Another restriction is in JSON object returned as a response, where almost all the fields are required by layar. To make things simpler, the object is to be represented as a python object. This could be later converted to a JSON object. The JSON object responded with could be represented as follows (as a minumum):

{'layer':'layer name', 'hotspots':list_of_POI, 'errorCode':0, 'errorString':'ok'}

Where hotspots is a list of POI object. These object could be represented as:

class POI:
    def __init__(self,poi_id,title,lat,lang):
        self.actions = [] = poi_id
        self.imageURL = None = lat
        self.lon = lang
        self.distance = None
        self.title = title
        self.line2 = None
        self.line3 = None
        self.line4 = None
        self.attribution = ""
        self.type = 0
        self.dimenion = 1
        self.transform = {'rel':True, 'angle':0, 'scale':1.0}
        self.object = {'baseURL': ""}

From python to JSON

As python follows a batteries all included strategy, there are libraries that convert python dictionaries to JSON objects. Even though google app engine uses python, the “json” module is not available. Thankfully, an equivalent one is found through “from django.utils import simplejson”. It could be used to convert a python dictionary (that looks frightfully like a JSON object) to a JSON object string as follows:

simplejson.dumps({'layer':'guc', 'hotspots':poi_list, 'errorCode':0, 'errorString':'ok'})

The problem with simplejson is that it only takes dictionaries or lists. Thus, this poses a problem when using the POI class mentioned earlier. Again, python comes with a rescue, where a dictionary representing the object could be obtained as follows:

poi = POI('C1','C1',29986707,31438864)
poiDictionary = poi1.__dict__

Putting the code together

Now that we have the POI object, and the conversion mechanism, we are ready to have a request handler for layar requests. An example of static POIs is as follows:

from django.utils import simplejson
from poi import POI
from google.appengine.ext import webapp
from google.appengine.ext.webapp.util import run_wsgi_app

class POIHandler(webapp.RequestHandler):
	def get(self):
		self.response.headers['Content-type'] = 'text/javascript; charset=utf-8'
		#latitude and longitude is an integer will be divided by 10^6
		# so take care of accuracy after the division
		poi1 = POI('C1','C1',29986707,31438864).__dict__
		poi2 = POI('C2','C2',29986744,31439272).__dict__
		poi3 = POI('C3','C3',29986995,31438923).__dict__
		poi4 = POI('C4','C4',29987153,31439245).__dict__
		poi5 = POI('C5','C5',29986326,31438810).__dict__
		poi6 = POI('C6','C6',29986688,31438569).__dict__
		poi7 = POI('C7','C7',29986442,31438370).__dict__
		pois = [poi1,poi2,poi3,poi4,poi5,poi6,poi7]
		# final getPOI response dictionary
		d = {'layer':'guc', 'hotspots':pois, 'errorCode':0, 'errorString':'ok'}

application = webapp.WSGIApplication(

def main():

if __name__=='__main__':


With the new layar 4 api coming soon, and the new features being in beta2, un update of how to add one of my favorite new features is needed. This is having different actions on the entire layar. It can be easily done by adding an action attribute to the final getPOI response dictionary (see code above). An example of the addition is as follows:

d['actions'] = [{'uri':'','label':'action on the entire layar'}]

SVN post-commit hook cronjob

April 4, 2010

Few SVN hosting sites provide ssh access to their svn servers. Such is needed to create hooks, like a post-commit hook that sends an email with every commit. Such hooks are often required by the development team. This article discusses the creation of a cron job that polls the SVN repository to simulate a post-commit hook that sends an email with every commit.

Setting up sendEmail

sendEmail is a nice tool to send emails via command line. This is needed to script in the cronjob sending an email. On ubuntu, install it from apt-get by:

sudo apt-get install sendemail libio-socket-ssl-perl libcrypt-ssleay-perl

The latter 2 packages are needed for connecting to an SMTP server that uses a secure connection (like Gmail, which is used in the example).

The post-commit hook script

The following is a python script, that could be added as an entry in the cron table

#! /usr/bin/env python

import os,re

log_file = LOG_DIR
svn_log_seperator  = '------------------------------------------------------------------------'
svn_dir = SVN_DIR
mail_filter = '[special mail identifier in subject]'
message_file = '/tmp/commit_mail'

mail_from = MAIL_FROM
mail_to = MAIL_TO

smtp_server = ""
smtp_user = SMTP_USER
smtp_pass = SMTP_PASS

def send_mail(subject,mail):
    mail_file = open(message_file,'w')
    mail_command = 'sendEmail -f %s -t %s -u "%s" -s %s -xu "%s" -xp "%s" -o message-file="%s"' % (mail_from, mail_to, subject, smtp_server, smtp_user, smtp_pass,message_file)
    print mail_command

print "analyzing old log file"

old_log_f = open(log_file)
old_log =

print "updating svn"
os.system("/usr/local/bin/svn update %s" % svn_dir)
os.system("/usr/local/bin/svn log %s > %s" % (svn_dir,log_file))
print "got new log"

new_log_f = open(log_file)
new_log =

delta = set(new_log) - set(old_log)

for commit in delta:
    l = [x for x in commit.split('\n') if x]
    details = l[0].split('|')
    subject = "%s %s %s" %(mail_filter,details[0],details[1])
    f_diff=os.popen('/usr/local/bin/svn diff -c %s %s' % (details[0], svn_dir))
    diff =
    mail = "%s\n%s" % (commit, diff)

Perquisites before running the script

      Having a working copy of the svn reposity
      Running the following command once before the script:

      svn log > $PATH_TO_LOG_FILE

Finding your true computer name on the network

October 13, 2009

In many cases, it is essential to find the name of a computer over a local network. Such fits well when on a DHCP network, and need to always reach a certain machine.

An easy way to obtain this data, is via the python socket library. The ip of the desired machine is obtained via ipconfig (windows) or ifconfig (linux). For the sake of the example, assume that the ip from the DHCP network is

In the python interpretor, execute the following code:

import socket
true_name = socket.gethostbyaddr("")[0]
print true_name

The code above prints the true name of the machine, as seen on the network. This name is not always the machine name. For example the machine name could be “saher-desktop”, while the name on the network is “saher-desktop.local”.

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